Diego, Gerardo


Diego, Gerardo
b. 1896, Santander; d. 1987, Madrid
   Writer
   Gerardo Diego is an enigma within the context of contemporary Spanish poetry. Although wellrespected and widely read, his work has received scant critical attention. A member of the famed "Generation of 1927", Diego is perhaps best known for his role in shaping and promoting the literary movements known as Creacionismo and Ultraísmo. The passion and vigour with which he pursued these new art forms earned him the title of enfant terrible of the Spanish avant-garde. His Manual de espumas (Manual of Foam) (1924) and Versos humanos (Human Verses) (1925) are widely recognized as two of the most significant contributions to the genre. He would remain the lone standard-bearer of the Creationist movement in Spain after the death of the movement's founder, the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro, in 1948.
   Following the Spanish Civil War, Diego settled in Madrid and quickly became immersed in the social and cultural life of that city. A devoted catholic and political conservative, Diego enjoyed a privileged status under the Franco regime. In 1948 he was elected to membership in the Spanish Royal Academy of Language.
   The publication of Angeles de Compostela (Angels of Compostela) and Alondra de verdad (Lark of Truth) in 1940 and 1941, respectively, established Diego as one of the premier poets of the post-war period. Angeles de Compostela is a carefully sculpted and polished collection that evokes the spiritual symbolism of the baroque structure that inspired it, the Pórtico de la Gloria of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. The poems of Alondra de verdad exemplify the harmonious fusion of poetry and music, Diego's two greatest passions. Other collections include La suerte y la muerte (Luck and Death) (1963), colourful compositions that evoke the beauty and pageantry of the corrida; Poesía amorosa (Love Poetry) (1971), a collection of the poet's love poems written between 1918 and 1969; and Poesía de creación (Poetry of Creation) (1974), Diego's Creationist works. The later Soria sucedida (Soria Revisited) (1977), Poemas mayores (Major Poems) (1980), Poemas menores (Minor Poems) (1980), round out a poetic collection which is among the richest in Spanish letters. But Diego is recognized also for his journalistic talents. His articles number hundreds, and range from literary theory to essays on art, music, history and religion. For his work, Diego has received nearly every major literary prize, including the National Prize for Literature, the Literature Prize of the Juan March Foundation, The Grand Gross of Alfonso X and the Cervantes Prize for Literature (see also prizes).
   An inquisitive traveller, astute critic, accomplished pianist, and, above all, a sensitive poet, Gerardo Diego could rightfully be called a man for all seasons. His work, as King Juan Carlos stated when presenting Diego with the Cervantes Prize, adds immortality to us all.
   See also: journalism; music; poetry
   Further reading
   - Gallego Morell, A. (1956) Vida y poesía de Gerardo Diego, Barcelona: Editorial Aedos (examines the poet's work up to 1950, and includes important biographical information and a good but not conclusive bibliography).
   - Villar, A. del (1981) Gerardo Diego, Madrid: Ministerio de Cultura (the most comprehensive study on the poet to date).
   ROBERTO CARLOS MANTEIGA

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Diego, Gerardo — ▪ Spanish poet and musicologist in full  Gerardo Diego Cendoya  born Oct. 3, 1896, Santander, Spain died July 8, 1987, Madrid       Spanish musicologist and prolific, innovative poet.       Diego received a doctorate from the University of Madrid …   Universalium

  • Diego, Gerardo — ► (1896 1987) Poeta español. En 1932 publicó una famosa antología, Poesía española, de capital importancia para conocer la generación del 27. Entre sus obras vanguardistas cabe citar Imagen (1922), Manual de espumas (1924) y Limbo (1950) y El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerardo Diego — Monumento a Gerardo Diego en la calle Pío Baroja de Madrid, delante de la «Casa de Cantabria». Nacimiento 3 de octubre d …   Wikipedia Español

  • DIEGO (G.) — DIEGO GERARDO (1896 1987) Poète espagnol, professeur de littérature et excellent musicien. Gerardo Diego compose, en 1932, sa célèbre Anthologie de la poésie espagnole contemporaine , où s’exprime admirablement, à travers les déclarations des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Diego — ► sustantivo masculino 1 BOTÁNICA Dondiego, planta herbácea. FRASEOLOGÍA donde dije digo digo diego coloquial Expresión que se aplica a una persona que cambia de opinión frecuentemente y sin fundamento. * * * Diego Donde digo «digo» digo «Diego»… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerardo Diego — (* 3. Oktober 1896 in Santander, Kantabrien; † 8. Juli 1987 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller und Mitglied der Generación del 27. Statue von Gerardo Diego in Santander …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diego de Zúñiga — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fray Diego de Zúñiga, latinizado como Didacus a Stunica, (Salamanca, 1 de enero de 1536 Toledo, 1597 ó 1598), escriturista español, considerado el filósofo escolástico agustino más importante en la segunda mitad del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gerardo Pablo — Datos generales Nombre real Gerardo Pablo Muñoz García Nacimiento 29 de abril de 1977, Puebla, Puebla, M …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gerardo Diego — (3 October 1896 ndash; 8 July 1987) was a Spanish poet and member of the Generation of 27.Diego was born in the Cantabrian city of Santander. He taught language and literature at institutes of learning in Soria, Gijón, Santander, and Madrid.He… …   Wikipedia

  • Diego de Zúñiga — of Salamanca (sometimes Latinized as Didacus a Stunica) (1536–1597) was an Augustinian Hermit and academic. He is known for publishing an early acceptance of the Copernican theory. Contents 1 Life 2 Notes 3 Works 4 …   Wikipedia